Belarus Gained Independence 25 Years Ago


On August 25, 1991, the historic meeting of the Supreme Council of the BSSR was held.

The law “On Giving the Status of the Constitutional Law to the Declaration of the BSSR Supreme Council on the State Sovereignty of the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic” and the resolution “On political and economic independence of the BSSR” were adopted at the meeting.
That was, in fact, the proclamation of the independence of the BSSR.
The historic meeting took place three days after the failed August Putsch and was marked by impassioned debates.
On August 24, 1991 tens of thousands of people gathered in Lenin Square (future Nezalezhnastsi Square) in front of the building where the meeting of the Supreme Council was held.
Opposition MPs Valiantsin Holobeu, Zianon Pazniak and Halina Siamdzianava brought a white-red-white flag into the session room.
On August 24, the Chairman of the BSSR Supreme Council Mikalai Dzemiatsei resigned and Stanislau Shushkevich, who had been the deputy chairman before, became the first head of Independent Belarus.
A month later, on September 19, 1991, the Supreme Council made a decision to call the BSSR the Republic of Belarus, or shortly Belarus.
On the same day, the Supreme Council adopted a ruling on state symbols – the white-red-white flag and the Pahonya (Chase) coat of arms.



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