At the same time, the authorities hide how the coronavirus affected the statistics.
Hospital mortality in 2020 increased by 75.5 percentage points. Mortality from some diseases has also increased sharply, as follows from the data of the statistical collection published by the Ministry of Health.
As with other statistical compilations for last year's reports, the document lacks total annual data on fertility and mortality. However, these data were published earlier in the collection for 2019.
Nevertheless, the reporting indicates an increase in hospital mortality: it was 1.43% in 2019 and 2.51% in 2020. Prior to that, over five years, hospital mortality ranged between 1.22% and 1.43%.
Deaths from some diseases in hospitals jumped at times last year. Thus, mortality among adults in hospitals with coronary heart disease last year increased almost threefold, with pneumonia - by 87%, with vascular diseases of the brain - by 66.8%.
The mortality rate for coronavirus infection is not listed in the compendium. Moreover, this disease does not appear in the document at all. Therefore, it is not possible to determine the role of coronavirus in the increase in mortality. According to official data from the Ministry of Health, 1,433 people died of covid in Belarus in 2020.
Last year, the number of hospital beds for infectious patients increased 5 times: from 3.9 thousand to 19.9 thousand. This confirms the information that, even during the first wave of covid, entire departments and hospitals were completely redesigned for infectious diseases.
As follows from the published data, the incidence of certain diseases in the population has increased. Thus, the number of infectious and parasitic diseases per 100 thousand of the population increased from 4 446 in 2019 to 7 199 in 2020. Respiratory diseases increased from 45.9 thousand in 2019 to 53.5 thousand in the past (per 100 thousand people).
The primary incidence of infectious and parasitic diseases per 100 thousand people in 2019 was 3.2 thousand; in 2020, it was already 6.6 thousand. The incidence of respiratory diseases was 42 thousand and 49.3 thousand, respectively. Among the adult population, the difference is more noticeable: cases of newly diagnosed infectious and parasitic diseases per 100 thousand people were 2.3 thousand in 2019 and 6.2 thousand in 2020; the number of respiratory diseases changed from 19.8 thousand to 33.3 thousand.
Interestingly, the number of acute intestinal infections last year decreased by 7.6 times. This may indicate that during the coronavirus epidemic, people began to wash their hands more often.