24 January 2018, Wednesday, 2:39

Belarus became independent 23 years ago


The historic meeting of the Supreme Council of the Belarusian Soviet Socialistic Republic (BSSR) was held on August 25, 1991.

The law “On Giving the Status of the Constitutional Law to the Declaration of the BSSR Supreme Council on the State Sovereignty of the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic” and the ruling on political and economic independence of the BSSR were adopted at the meeting.

The law proclaimed the independence of the BSSR.

The historic meeting, which was marked by an impassioned debate, took place three days after the August coup.

On August 24, tens of thousands of people gathered in Lenin Square (future Independence Square) in front of the building where the meeting of the Supreme Council was held.

Opposition MPs Valiantsin Holobeu, Zianon Pazniak and Halina Siamdzianava brought a white-red-white flag into the session room.

Chairman of the BSSR Supreme Council Mikalai Dzemiatsei resigned on August 24 and Stanislau Shushkevich, who had been the deputy chairman before, became the first head of Independent Belarus.

A month later, on September 19, 1991, the Supreme Council took a decision to call the BSSR the Republic of Belarus, or shortly Belarus.

The Supreme Council adopted a ruling on state symbols – the white-red-white flag and the Pahonya (Chase) coat of arms.